The Škocjan Caves (Škocjanske jame) continue to be the only monolith in Slovenia and the Classical Karst region on UNESCO’s list of natural and cultural world heritage sites. Therefore, they hold a significant position amongst the world’s natural monoliths. In addition to our caverns, just those in the border location in between Hungary and Slovakia (Aggtelek Karst and Slovak Karst), Mammoth Caves and Carlsbad Caverns in the UNITED STATE have received the same honor. Various other caverns have been gotten in as cultural monoliths (for example Altamira in Spain and the ancient websites and cave paintings of the V?zere Valley
The main artery of Gornja Štajerska is the Drava River, which cut its path between Kozjak in the north, and Pohorje in the south. From Maribor onwards it flows through flat land, it has flown that way since long time before the first settlements were founded there. On the east, there is another big river of Styria, Mura, and on the south, it flows much smaller (except when it?s flooded) river Dravinja. An extensive area around Pohorje hills is named Pohorsko Podravje. Geologically, Pohorje is a part of the Central Alps, as it is almost entirely built of metamorphic and
Administrative region of Zasavje is not considered as Spodnja Štajerska anymore (even less than Posavska), but it would be the right thing to mention it here. Especially because geographic area from west of Ljubljana Basin to the hills around the Sotla River is called Posavsko hribovje, recently also Vzhodno Predalpsko hribovje. The area contains almost 10% of the area of Slovenia, and it is more than 25 kilometers wide and 70 kilometers long.
Also Spodnja Štajerska is divided into several parts. At the upper part of the Savinja River, there is Zgornja Savinjska dolina valley with Logarska dolina, one of the most beautiful Alpine valleys, where the river Sava springs in the waterfall Rinka. Zadrečka dolina by the river Dreta is also considered a part of Zgornja Savinjska dolina. The highest mountains in this area are part of Kamnik-Savinja Alps (Planjava, Ojstrica), but also Oljševa with Potočka zijalka and Velika Raduha (2062 m) with Snežna jama are very famous. Two of the biggest settlements there are Solčava with gothic parish church of Saint
Styria is the largest Slovenian region. It is probably going to be divided into three parts ? new administrative regions. In that area, Styria is going to be divided into two parts, one at the Drava River ? Podravje or Gornja Štajerska (Upper Styria), and the other at the Savinja River ? Savinjska or Spodnja Štajerska (Lower Styria). Let?s take a look at Spodnja Štajerska for the beginning, also because we can reach Savinjska and then Gornja Štajerska over already mentioned passes Črnivec, Motnik, Trojane and Kanderše.
Region around the Mura River is considered as a part of or an extension of the Pannonian Plain. A part, which lies over the Mur River, is named Prekmurje, and it is divided into two parts, the hilly and the flat part. Goričko (Nature Park) is the northernmost region of Slovenia. From the border of three countries (Slovenia, Hungary, Austria), it descends to a flat land (Ravensko, Dolinsko) of southern Prekmurje and over Mur River passes to a hilly region of Slovenske gorice. For many centuries, the Mur River region with Porabje was a battlefield, so it was hardly worth
Under the authority of Austria, Notranjska was part of Carniola, which extended from Ljubljana Basin to Kras and Istria. Borders of Notranjska are not simple to define at all. The best way to do this is probably to follow the borders of former municipalities, today administrative units. Notranjska consisted of municipalities Vrhnika, Logatec, Postojna and Ilirska Bistrica, while Idrija has always been specialty in administrative and language respect. It has been considered as a part of Severna Primorska, Notranjska and even Ljubljana. Also the municipality Ilirska Bistrica wants to become a part of the new coastal province, instead of Notranjska.
Eastern of the road Kranj ? Mengeš we pass the airport of Jože Pučnik, and if we turn towards Kamniške planine at Moste near Komenda, we soon arrive at Kamnik, which was already mentioned before. Famous intellectual Peter Pavel Glavar lived and worked in Komenda and Moste, and also Plečnik left his mark there. We should mention the church of St. Anne in Tunjice, with an energy center nearby. There is poorly maintained castle Stari grad, proudly strutting over Kamnik, and above it, under Velika planina, distinguished Sveti Primož with two chuches, worth visiting.
Almost 200 kilometers long mountain range of Karavanke begins far before Jesenice, but shows the most beautiful part right above the town, in the Alpine meadow Golica, and then it ascends to the highest peak, 2236 meters high Stol. Towns under Karavanke are birth places of many clever Slovenians, for example linguist Matija Čop in Žirovnica, beekeeper Anton Janša in Breznica, writer and priest Franc Saleški Finžgar in Doslovče and writer and priest Janez Jalen in Rodine.
In the direction towards hinterlands, we easily pass the slope of Črni Kal or Kozina by the new highway, and we arrive to Razdrto, where we turn left, if we want to go to the valley Vipavska dolina. For now, we can access it only by the old road, full of bumps, under the hill Nanos. The center of Vipavska valley is Vipava, the birthplace of a diplomat and historian Žiga Herberstein and protestant writer Sebastijan Krelj.